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International Finance Centres can help SA improve its ease of doing business ranking

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DURBAN –  So how can South Africa improve its “Ease of Doing Business” ranking to facilitate  President Cyril Ramaphosa’s efforts to attract $100 billion of investment into the country over the next five years?

Alan Witherden, the business development director at Ocorian, an award-winning alternative investment, corporate, institutional, private client and international growth service provider, has strong ideas on the subject.
According to Witherden, International Finance Centres (IFC) can help South Africa improve its ease of doing business ranking, as IFCs usually have a large amount of funds waiting to be invested.
Ramaphosa in his State of the Nation Address in February  set a target of moving South Africa to a ranking of 50 or better in the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index by 2022 from 82 in 2019.
In order to reach this $100 billion target, foreign direct investments will play a vital role in boosting South Africa’s economy and the President’s investment envoys have been criss-crossing IFCs such as New York and London to sell South Africa as an investment destination.
Attracting investment to South Africa is critical.
Rating agency Moody’s in April warned that while South Africa’s government indebtedness was currently in line with investment-rated sovereigns – it was on an upward trend that could rise as high as 70percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in five years.
Lucie Villa, the vice-president at Moody’s, said the rating agency’s baseline scenario estimated that the debt-to-GDP ratio was projected to reach 65 percent of GDP by 2023.
But Witherden says the situation can be improved,“Though moving up 32 places in the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index in three years is a tough call, a marked improvement in South Africa’s position is possible. 
“If we look at the criteria used to compute the index, two areas retain our attention. First is trading across borders, where in my opinion, South Africa can do a lot better. South Africa has a lot to offer in terms of manufactured commodities, produce and industrial goods that can be traded with other African countries. An improvement on this criterion would also be welcome at a time when the African Free Trade Continental Area is nearing implementation,” Witherden said.
“The second criteria South Africa could focus on is the about enforcing contracts, which has the potential to foster trust and confidence of business operators. Also, working on improving these criteria on which South Africa scores the lowest would statistically have the highest impact in terms of improving its global ranking.
“In a related area, that of approval for permits from government and municipal bodies, the concept of ‘silent agreement’ can be adopted to ease the conduct of business. By virtue of this principle, which Mauritius for example has adopted, an application is deemed to have been approved if no reply was sent out to the applying party within a pre-approved delay,” he added.
He noted that a rapid improvement in the Ease of Doing Business Survey is possible with the right targeted measures as illustrated by the case of Rwanda and Mauritius. Mauritius was ranked 49th in 2017 and in 2019 had improved to 20th worldwide, while Rwanda improved from 41st in 2017 to 29th in 2019.
In response to a question on what Durban’s strengths and weaknesses are as a magnet for finance firms, Witherden said its strength was that it was a logistics hub, while its weakness was that financial services entities are predominantly located in Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Durban is Africa’s busiest port and is the channel for around 80% of the import and export of manufactured goods for the Southern African region as far north as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is also served by an excellent road, rail and air network. The development of a Special Economic Zone at Dube Tradeport adjacent to the King Shaka  International Airport north of Durban is attracting local and international investment for a variety of enterprises.
“IFCs are not only used to structure investments. They are also widely used to structure trade. Hence, with the pending implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area, we should see more of trade structuring happening in IFCs.
“IFCs are also able to provide guarantee and credit mechanisms in support of trade. As a matter of fact, trade finance represents a huge market in Africa for which there is currently a very big financing gap. IFCs also thrive on the absence of foreign exchange control, a pre-requisite to enabling trade between countries with different currencies. IFCs also make it possible for trading companies to have an effective treasury management and thus mitigate currency risks. Procurement activities can also be very effectively conducted within an IFC,” Witherden said.
He noted that the skills shortage in South Africa was critical due to emigration of skilled people because of political and economic uncertainty, which was exacerbated by a real concern for personal safety as a result of the high crime rate in South Africa.
Development and training initiatives are being undertaken by banks, other financial institutions and business schools to producing highly competent individuals, which would also help to address the gender and racial imbalance in the industry as there are more back and female individuals being trained.
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Entertainment

TuneCore Launches Operations in Africa, Appoints Two Female Regional Executives

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TuneCore Jade Leaf and Chioma Onuchukwu

TuneCore, the leading digital music distribution and publishing administration company for independent artists, has launched operations in Africa. Jade Leaf has been hired as Head of TuneCore for Southern Africa and will share responsibility for key countries in East Africa with Chioma Onuchukwu, who has been hired as Head of TuneCore for West Africa. Both Leaf and Onuchukwu will report to Faryal Khan-Thompson, Vice President, International, TuneCore.

Onuchukwu will be based in Nigeria and oversee countries in West Africa including Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. She will also look after Tanzania and Ethiopia in East Africa.  Leaf’s territory encompasses Southern Africa, including South Africa, where she will be based, as well as Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Lesotho. Leaf will also manage TuneCore operations in East African countries Kenya and Uganda.

Said Onuchukwu, “I am elated to be joining a renowned, independent music distribution powerhouse, especially in an incredible era for music creators in Africa at a time when we are gaining global recognition and increasing momentum. I look forward to collaborating with and supporting local artists.”

Before joining TuneCore, Onuchukwu was Marketing Manager at uduX Music, a music streaming platform in Nigeria. There she worked directly with popular African artists such as Davido, Yemi Alade, Patoranking, Kizz Daniel and more.

Commented Leaf, “I am incredibly excited to join the team in a time where the global conversation is around independence and ownership. TuneCore opens up a world of potential for independent artists at every level of their careers. Africa is home to a diverse range of artists who are seeking a reliable distribution service who understands their local needs and can ultimately give them the opportunity to turn their art into commercial success.”

Previously, Leaf worked at Africa’s largest Pay TV operator, Multichoice as the Marketing Manager for Youth & Music Channels, where she led brand re-imaging and marketing efforts for Music TV giant Channel O. Before that, she worked at Sony Music Entertainment Africa, focusing on African artists and content, as well as numerous marketing campaigns & projects for local and international artists.

There has been a meteoric rise in the uptake of streaming services in Africa, the growth has been attributed to several factors such as an increase in internet penetration via smartphones, the entrance of international and local streaming platforms in key territories and its youth population – More than 60% of African’s are under the age of 25.

In 2020, TuneCore saw an increase in music releases globally, with many African artists opting to use the DIY Distributor – DJ Spinall and Small Doctor in Nigeria, Spoegwolf in South Africa, Mpho Sebina in Botswana and Fena Gitu in Kenya to name a few.

Stated Khan-Thompson, “Africa is an extremely exciting music market with a lot of potential for growth. By hiring Jade and Chioma to lead our efforts, TuneCore is well positioned to maximize opportunities for independent artists across the continent. Both Chioma and Jade bring a wealth of experience and genuine interest in helping artists make their dreams come true. I couldn’t be more thrilled to have two incredible women representing the TuneCore brand in the continent”

TuneCore

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IFC Invest in Liquid Telecom Bond to Support Broadband Connectivity in Africa

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IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, invested in Thursday’s bond issued by a subsidiary of Liquid Telecommunications Holdings Ltd., which will allow the telecoms and technology solutions company to expand access to broadband Internet and digital and cloud services across Africa, further facilitating the growth of the continent’s digital economy.

Proceeds from the bond issued by Liquid Telecommunications Financing PLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Liquid Telecommunications Holdings Ltd, will enable the company to refinance existing debt and free up funds to expand its digital infrastructure network across Africa, including in markets with low broadband penetration.

By developing digital infrastructure, Liquid Telecommunications, Africa’s largest independent fiber, data center and cloud technology provider, aims to increase digital connectivity and inclusion in Africa and support the region’s growing digital ecosystem.

IFC played an anchor role and subscribed to 16 percent of the bond, equivalent to $100 million, which was listed on Euronext Dublin, Ireland’s main stock exchange, on February 25, 2021. The issuance raised $620 million.

Internet access in Africa relies largely on mobile networks, many of which are enabled by wholesale connectivity providers such as Liquid Telecommunications. Broadband penetration is low across the continent, with a mobile broadband penetration rate of 34 percent and fixed broadband penetration of less than five percent in most countries across sub-Saharan Africa, excluding South Africa.

“We are delighted that IFC has taken a significant anchor position in our new bond. In the countries in which we operate there are great opportunities to address under developed telecommunications and Internet access, as well as to accelerate the adoption of digital and Cloud-based services. Our refinance enables us to continue to invest in the African digital eco-system including driving penetration of digital and Cloud-based services to businesses who may not previously have had the resources to benefit from them, helping to bridge the connectivity divide, which is more crucial than ever in our current circumstances,” said Nic Rudnick, Liquid Telecom Group Chief Executive Officer.

“Our best chance at ensuring much-needed internet access for everyone in Africa, from large corporates and small businesses to individuals, is to invest in digital infrastructure. Our investment in the Liquid Telecom bond will help the company free up capital to further expand broadband access across Africa, laying a solid foundation for a faster, more resilient recovery,” said Stephanie von Friedeburg, Interim Managing Director and Executive Vice President, and Chief Operating Officer of IFC.

To support Africa’s digital economy, which could be worth $180 billion by 2025, IFC provides financing to mobile network operators, independent tower operators, data centers and broadband connectivity providers. IFC also provides capital to help entrepreneurs and innovative businesses grow and works with financial institutions and telecommunications companies to speed the adoption of digital payments and lending to expand financial inclusion.

Source IFC

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Diaspora investments: A must for the development of Africa

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Image Source: rupixen.com

It has been three years since his Excellency president Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana shared some controversial thoughts on Africa’s dependence on aid or support from Europe in a decades long effort to develop the continent.

He was applauded for his bold statement and stance, but many (especially people from the Ghanaian diaspora) thought they were only words. Words they had heard many times before, but without plans or actions backing them. This might be true from their perspective, yet for the current generation of descendants from those who have been sold into slavery, it was good to hear an African leader show some backbone.

“We can no longer continue to make policy for ourselves, in our country, in our region, in our continent based on whatever support that the western world or France, or the European Union can give us. It will not work. It has not worked, and it will not work”.

The Diaspora Is Linked To The Strength of Africa

President Nana Akufo-Addo’s views on European aid are commendable, even if we debate how much he will be able to back up his words with actions.

“The place of the Diaspora, the status of the people in the diaspora, of the African diaspora, is intimately linked with what happens on the continent. An Africa strong and performing, transforms your position, your status here in Europe”.

He was addressing diaspora members in France, but he could have been addressing all people of African descent worldwide. The fact is that his ability to back his words, not exclusively but to an important extent, is contingent on the support he as an African leader receives from the African diaspora.

Remittance Coming From The African Diaspora

As a member from the African diaspora, one might ask: “Are we not supporting enough?”

Ishmeal Lamptey (Source: unsplash.com)

According to the World Bank Sub Saharan Africa received an estimated 48 billion US dollars in remittance funds from the African diaspora in 2019.

A study by Comstock, Iannone, Bhatia published in March 2009 (yes, the phenomenon has been studied for some time now) shows most funds are spend on costs of sustenance (29%), medical costs (16%) and education (12%).

When looking at the order of precedence these costs take in relation to each other, we see that unforeseen costs come first, second are medical costs and the last are for education. This underlines what we all know. The fact that there is often a sense of emergency to these transfers.

The Need To Move From Remittance To Investment In Africa

So, to answer the question of the diaspora, if it is not doing enough…well no. Harsh isn’t it? The fact of the matter is that the remittance funds are our own version of aid to the continent. It is keeping our people our family from dying but it’s not helping with any development.

We, the African diaspora, need to make the transition from remittance to investment. Remittance will always be part of the financial flows, but when seen in relation with Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) from the diaspora, they shouldn’t dominate as they do at present.

Following the content of a few independent journalists, there is now ample proof that at least some in the diaspora are not only willing, but able to move to the continent and start new businesses. But this group is a very small minority. The vast majority will not be able to follow suit and we should not want them to.

The revenues of the use of their human capital is needed to generate the investment flows Africa needs. The challenge Sub Saharan Africa faces is that of aggregation of available funds originating from the diaspora. The funds are clearly there, the industries which need them for we’ve identified, but now we need to create a robust infrastructure to aggregate and get them to their destination.

Like we pointed out in our previous article about thinking sufficiently big; while we keep our eyes on the end goal, we might need to start building one stone at a time. From individual projects, to industries, to the whole economy.

When doing so, we need to keep in mind that Africa is a unique environment. The common instruments of capital allocation used in the world should certainly be our starting point, but not limit our imagination when pooling the diaspora funds and channeling them into the continent.

As we have admonished a few times now; Africa should think BIG. And that also applies to its diaspora. In the coming articles we will continue exploring the idea of “thinking big” in the African context. So please make sure to subscribe to our Newsletter. We invite you to share your thoughts with us on the matter and get a discussion going with us and our other readers.

Article By: Jerrol Cambiel, Chief Executive EU Operations Debnoch Capital

 

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